How Neuroscience Is Changing the Law--Neuroscience is revealing the effect of memory reconsolidation on the accuracy of memory. “Every time we call up a memory, and think about it, we now have a memory of thinking about that memory. And over time those memories can change," say Jones. Neuroscientists are learning about the formation and reformation of neural pathways as memories are recalled, syncing a memory not to a specific time but rather to the intervening period of recall.
The Child Cases: Guilty Until Proved Innocent-- Nearly two dozen cases in the US and CA in which people have been accused of killing children based on flawed or biased work by forensic pathologists, and then later cleared. .Many morgues are staffed by doctors who aren't board-certified in forensic pathology. To become certified, doctors need an extra year of training and must pass a test. --A.C. Thompson, Joseph Shapiro, Sandra Bartlett and Chisun Lee
Cheryl Amirault LeFave, who was found guilty of raping and indecently assaulting four children, spent eight years in prison.
The Stephanie Crowe Murder Case -- Stephanie Crowe, 12, was found stabbed to death on her bedroom floor on Jan. 21, 1998. In the weeks to follow her brother, Michael, then 14, and 2 friends, Joshua Treadway and Aaron Houser, were charged with conspiring to kill her. Those charges were dropped before trial in February 1999 after DNA testing found spots of Stephanie's blood on a sweatshirt of a transient seen in the neighborhood the night of the killing. The development forced detectives and prosecutors to start the investigation anew -- and raised questions about the handling of the case.
Emmett Louis Till -- How two grown men got by with torturing a 14 year old boy to death and then sold the details of their story for pay.
"POLYGRAPH "testing" has
no scientific basis: it's entirely dependent
on your ignorance and fear. Educate yourself.
In this book, you will discover the trickery
on which polygraph "testing" depends,
and learn how to make sure you pass your polygraph
government's reliance on unreliable polygraph "testing" is
both a danger to our national security and a hazard to
the reputations of law-abiding citizens whose trustworthiness
is judged by this voodoo science. The Lie Behind the
Lie Detector exposes polygraph waste, fraud, and
Is Darlie is falsely accused, or a murderer? The writ of habeas corpus filed July 12, 2002, requests her conviction be overturned and includes new evidence from the defense. Everyone wants to know how Rowlett's Darlie Routier could have brutally stabbed her kids. Precious Angels: A Shocking Crime -- Precious Angels: Mom Tried For Murder
Double Jeopardy -- There is no mystery about who killed Brenda Shaefer. Everyone in Louisville, Ky. knows that Mel Ignatow did it. The mystery is why Ignatow is still a free man.
Getting Away With Murder-American Justice -- A case study in how the double jeopardy law sometimes helps criminals escape punishment. Melvin Ignatow was acquitted of the brutal murder of his girlfriend when key photographic evidence could not be found. Later, the photos were discovered, but Ignatow couldn't be retried for murder, though he was sentenced to five years for perjury.
In 1988 in Washington state, Stella Nickell was convicted of killing her husband Bruce, and Sue Snow, a bank manager, by putting cyanide in Excedrin capsules. The crime was chillingly similar to the Chicago Tylenol murders 4 years earlier where 7 people died in that case, which was never solved.
Louis Taylor has
been in jail since he was 16, convicted of setting the
1970 Pioneer Hotel fire in Tucson, Arizona., which claimed
the lives of 28 people. New information uncovered raises
questions about his guilt.
Boston -- The FBI knowingly participated in a conspiracy to send Joseph Salvati, an innocent man to prison for 32 years, wrongly convicted of murder to protect Mafia murderers who were FBI informants. This has so incensed the chairman of the House Committee on Government Reform Dan Burton, R-I nd., he has vowed to keep investigating the FBI for more such injustices despite being denied access to subpoenaed FBI documents by an executive order imposed by President Bush.
For 20 years, Joyce Gilchrist has examined crime scenes, looking for clues linking suspects to evidence. Often, her testimony in court meant the difference between innocence and guilt. DNA testing in old criminal cases is doing more than freeing dozens of innocent people from prison. It is also pointing the finger of blame at a legal system that has sometimes relied on bad science, and gotten bad results.
Eyewitness identifications are
often inaccurate but convincing to juries, regardless of
their veracity. One of the most powerful forms of evidence
a prosecutor can deploy is a witness, who will point to
the defendant in court and say, "That's the man who did it." Juries
often believe such witnesses contrary to other evidence.
Family Accused: The Amiraults' Story-- Fells Acres Daycare Center in Malden, Mass -- September of 1984 -- In an effort to protect children against sexual abuse, investigators used controversial methods of interrogating children. Later, fears that people were wrongfully implicated led to reviews of some cases.
one of the first Multi-Victim Multi-Offender (MVMO) child
abuse cases. At 6 years duration, it was the longest US
criminal trial in history. At a cost to the state of $15
million, it was the most expensive. No convictions were
obtained. It has become the most famous case of its type.
The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers NACDL -- Advancing US criminal defense lawyers to ensure justice and due process for persons accused of crime or misconduct. A professional bar association founded in 1958, NACD is committed to preserving fairness within America's criminal justice system.
50States Project -- An independent investigation of the conduct of legislators in every state. The 50States Project examines the workings of our nation's legislatures - uncovering abuses of the public's trust.
Do we invent our moral absolutes in order to make society workable?
Either ethical principles, such as justice and human rights,
are independent of human experience, or they are human
inventions. 1998 by The Atlantic Monthly
Mercy for a terrorist? -
Who in America today could be associated with a gang that
carried out an execution-style murder of a prominent public
official and the murder of a pregnant woman during a bank
holdup, and then, when arrested, be championed as an "idealist" by
church officials, Democratic Party legislators, columnists
and activist groups?
Criminal Profiler John Philpin Features
The Night Birds by
John Philpin -- Three kids. Two bikes. An afternoon in
West Memphis, Arkansas, May 5, 1993. The eight-year-old
boys — Steve Branch, Christopher Byers, and Michael Moore — had
miles to ride before they slept. Then something happened.
JonBenét Ramsey Case Umbrella of Suspicion -- Before we totally trash the Boulder PD theory of the crime, we must lay a foundation. Parents, other family members, and close friends or acquaintances of the family account for ninety percent of the homicides of young children. Investigations of these murders typically begin at center with the parents and move outward in concentric circles examining the other likely offenders. KariSable.com exclusive
Smoking Gun: Day by Day Through a Shocking
Murder Trial with Gerry Spence by
Gerry Spence -- From America's foremost
criminal defense lawyer and author of the
to Argue and Win Every Time: At Home, at
Work, in Court, Everywhere, Every Day comes
this true account of a trial that exposes the unrelenting
power of the state, which so often crushes those -- guilty
or innocent -- who come before the bar of justice. When
Sandy Jones and her teenage son were accused of murdering
a real estate developer on their hardscrabble Oregon
farm, the prosecution had an eyewitness to the shooting
and a photograph of Sandy holding a smoking rifle. County
officials kept Sandy in jail while they awaited the trial,
despite ballistic evidence that suggested she hadn't
fired the fatal shot. The case erupted into an epic struggle
between Sandy -- who was poor, different, and a woman
-- and the "good old boys" of Lincoln County, Oregon,
who held all the power. Though the Joneses' guilt seemed
clear to the county and the prosecution, Gerry Spence,
renowned for his work on the cases of Karen Silkwood
and Randy Weaver at Ruby Ridge, took the case pro bono
and the courtroom battle exploded into three years of
intensely moving jury trials, recounted here from the
record of the case. The Smoking Gun is relevant today,
when our rights are being eroded and when the average
American, even if innocent, is hard-pressed to obtain
a fair trial.
Judgment -- They are sworn to uphold the
law, and given stunning power over people's lives.
But as charges of bias, corruption and incompetence
erupt in headlines across the nation, the integrity
of judges and the legal system is called into
question. Are bad judges the exception to the
rule or do they represent serious flaws in the
system? Former New York State Chief Judge Sol
Wachtler, has become the symbol of judicial misconduct.
Wachtler tells his side of the story, while reporters
and state officials trace the revelations that
led to Wachtler's downfall. See why it is so
difficult to crack down on bad judges, and meet
people they victimized. And officials from Americans
for Legal Reform and The Center for Judicial
Accountability reveal the shocking extent of
Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and
Remembers by Daniel L. Schacter -- When we
focus our attention on one aspect of our surroundings,
we draw attention away from others: If you were
watching a circle of people passing a basketball
and someone dressed in a gorilla costume walked
through the circle, beat his chest, and exited,
you would notice him immediately. Researchers
filmed such a scene and showed it to people asked
to track the movement of the ball by counting
the passes made by one team. About half the participants
failed to notice the gorilla. Schacter weaves
clinical stories and frontline research. Recent
advances in brain imaging have boosted his field
and yielded discoveries.
Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions:
by Gisli H. Gudjonsson -- This sequel to The Psychology
of Interrogations, Confessions and Testimony includes
the differences between the English and American legal
systems, the growth in high court judges, and the treatment
of confessions in specific cases. It focuses on vulnerability,
confabulation, false memory, false confessions, integration
of theory, scientific- psychological processes,
research, investigative implications, legal issues, evidence
from case illustration relating to interrogation. Wiley
Series in The Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law.