The Reformation and Counter-Reformation represented the greatest upheaval in Western society since the collapse of the Roman Empire. The consequences of those shattering events are still felt today-from the stark divisions between (and within) Catholic and Protestant countries to the Protestant ideology that governs America, the world's only remaining superpower. Diarmaid MacCulloch conveys the drama, complexity, and continuing relevance of these events with vivid portraits of Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Loyola, Henry VIII, and a number of popes, conveying why their ideas were so powerful and affected everyday lives.
VHS Ancient Mysteries: Witchcraft In America --The video traces the dark art back to Salem, MA, 300 years ago. It introduces a 19th century New Orleans voodoo queen who presided over bloody rituals and bestial orgies, and the 1928 murder of an alleged witch doctor.
A Century of Lawmaking For A New Nation -- 700 volumes selected by the Law Library of Congress, including the Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-89, the American State Papers, 1789-1838, the Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence, Joint Resolutions of the Senate 1824-73, and the first 3 volumes of the Congressional Record 1873-75.
The French Quarter: An Informal History of the New Orleans Underworld by Herbert Asbury -- Home to the notorious "Blue Book," which listed the names and addresses of every prostitute living in New Orleans's red-light district, New Orleans underworld consisted of more than bordellos. Known as the early gambling capital of the US, it had one of the most violent records of street crime in the country.
1807 The Aaron Burr Trial -- Aaron Burr, founding father, Vice President, and slayer of Alexander Hamilton in a duel. The trial judge, was John Marshall, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, (the most important justice in history); the force behind the prosecution--Thomas Jefferson.
The Passions of Andrew Jackson by Andrew Burstein--What transformed a frontier bully into the 7th president of the US? A Southerner obsessed with personal honor who threatened his enemies with duels to death, a man who fled to Spanish Mississippi with the love of his life before she was divorced.
The prosperous doctor and Madam Lalaurie lived in a home built for entertainment where balls, masks and parties were common. In 1834 a fire broke out the fire department found parts from slaves who had been subjected to torture, and crude medical experiments.
1879 Mysterious Disappearances -- "Unless the police lines are drawn closer around the inhabitants of our large cities, the number of those who mysteriously disappear from one cause or another will become still more alarming than it is at present."
Wyatt Earp -- Born March 19, 1848, Wyatt was a shy young man, he seldom spoke. Wyatt Earp(Widescreen Expanded Edition)(1994) Starring: Kevin Costner, Dennis Quaid
American Massacre: The Tragedy at Mountain Meadows, September 11, 1857 by Sally Denton -- In September 1857, a wagon train passing through Utah laden with gold was attacked. Approximately 140 people were slaughtered; only 17 children under the age of 8 were spared. This incident in an open field called Mountain Meadows has ever since been the focus of passionate debate: Is it possible that official Mormon dignitaries were responsible for the massacre?
Murder at the Sultan's Palace -- From 1839-1873, the house was owned by a wealthy plantation owner Jean Baptiste Le Prete, who used the house for entertaining. Le Prete was approached by a young man from Turkey looking for a house to rent for a wealthy Turkish sultan. The house became the scene of gruesome, unsolved massacre.
Outlaws -- When the James Younger gang staged the first daylight bank robbery in American history in 1866, the law was feeble. Over the 16 years that the gang operated, private citizens and the famed Pinkertons opposed them more often than Marshals or lawmen. While the James Younger gang enjoyed a long, successful career, the Daltons proved that stupidity is a good crime-stopper. Their ridiculous yet fascinating story is related by the curator of the Dalton museum. By Butch Cassidy, the Old West and its culture of lawlessness was dying. Butch realized of mug shots and telegraph had caught up to the outlaw culture, so he headed south. Take a nostalgic look back at the legendary outlaws.
November 1879, Mysterious Disappearances "Unless the police lines are drawn closer around the inhabitants of our large cities, the number of those who mysteriously disappear from one cause or another will become still more alarming than it is at present."
The murder occurred in Watertown, Wisconsin on November 30, 1874. The victim was a man named John Borchardt, 66.
Belle Starr: The Bandit Queen by Burton Rascoe Legendary comrade and consort to train robbers, bootleggers, stagecoach robbers, bushwhackers, bank robbers, horse thieves, cattle thieves, and outlaws, Belle Star (1848–89) was born in Missouri and emigrated with her family to Texas in 1863. Myth made her a dancehall entertainer, faro dealer, expert horsewoman, crack shot, and adopted member of the Cherokee nation. Rascoe separates the facts from folklore and traces the sources of the fictional accounts published after her unsolved murder.
Killers of the 20th Century -- Corruption of the political, corporate, capital or social systems create conditions in which killers can thrive.
Evelyn Nesbit, 17, one of the girls of the red velvet swing was a from Pennsylvania. Her husband, Henry "Harry" Kendall Thaw, the heir to a railroad and ore fortunes, beat her until she revealed her affair with Stanford White, a NY City architect who gave his name to a San Francisco college. At the roof supper club theater of Madison Square Garden, June 25, 1906, Thaw followed White to the opening of Mam´zelle Champagne, and fired 3 shots into his head. Evelyn, who went on to be a sensation in vaudeville as "The Girl on the Swing."
Clarence S. Darrow -- A social reformer, and defense attorney for labor unions, he served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1903-1905. He was nearly 70 in 1924, when he defended Nathan F. Leopold, Jr., and Richard A. Loeb and in 1925, the Scopes. Darrow was the most famous American lawyer of the early 1900's. law.umkc.edu
Book: Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America by J Anthony Lukas -- 1905 assassination of Frank Steunenberg, an ex- governor of Idaho, rumored to be the work of vengeful labor bosses. Pinkerton detective James McParland tracked Wobbly organizer Big Bill Haywood all the way to Colorado to bring him to trial, where he and two other men were defended by a team of lawyers that included Clarence Darrow.
Robert Stroud (AZ #594) the "Birdman of Alcatraz," was the most famous inmate on Alcatraz. In 1909, pimping in Alaska, he murdered a bartender who failed to pay a prostitute . In 1911 he was convicted of manslaughter and sent to McNeil Island Federal Penitentiary in Washington State where he assaulted a hospital orderly and stabbed an inmate.
"Humanizing the Prisons" August 1911 -- "The State of Vermont contains a prison where the inmates are treated upon a novel plan. They are trusted and treated like other human beings."
Public Enemy #1 The Legendary Outlaw, John Dillinger -- From his first brush with the law to his death.
The murder of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank - April 27th, 1913, Mary Phagan, 13, was found in the basement of an Atlanta, Georgia with a noose around her neck, she had been bound, beaten and sexually assaulted.
Wild Man of the Wynoochee -- A year and a half after killing 2 boys on Washington's Olympic Peninsula, and then disappearing into the deeply forested southern Grays Harbor County, WA. John Tornow, a former mental patient became a legend among loggers and a nightmare for children.
Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle a vaudeville monologist, musical comedy star, was the highest paid silent film comedian, writer, director, and producer. September 5, 1921 during a party at the Saint Francis Hotel in San Francisco, Virginia Rappe, a girl attending the party, ran from a bedroom and died 4 days later. Arbuckle was accused of rape and murder but exonerated after 3 trials. Before the ``bad boy of Hollywood'' was able to make a comeback, he suffered a fatal heart attack at age 46.
Jackson, Michigan -- Miss Alice Mallett who was murdered in Jackson June 9, 1922 was director at the YWCA cafeteria in Bay City from 1915 -1918.
Hall-Mills 1922 -- Eleanor Mills, 34, was wearing a dress, with a blood soaked silk scarf around her neck laying at her lover´s side. Her tongue was cut out and her larynx removed. Reverend Edward W. Hall, 41, had his hat coveriing his face and his arm under Eleanor´s shoulder. His wife Frances Noel Stevens, was heiress of Johnson & Johnson. A witness known as the "Pig Woman" came forward.
Eddie Gein -- Gein lived a repressive and solitary life with a weak brother and domineering mother who taught him sex was sinful.
Prison Progress, March, 1922 -- The time has come to do away with the title of ´warden´ and the designations of ´prison,´ ´penitentiary,´ and the rest, and to start a new and enlightened era with a ´President of State Industries.´
During the Alcatraz the penitentiary years inmates called "the Rock" home. From mid 1930's - mid 1960's, Alcatraz was America's premier maximum-security prison, the final stop for the most incorrigible inmates. See More on Prisons.
Stroud (AZ #594) the "Birdman of Alcatraz," perhaps
the most famous inmate on Alcatraz. In
1909, Stroud brutally murdered a bartender who allegedly
failed to pay off a prostitute Stroud was pimping in
Alaska. After he shot the bartender to death, he took his wallet. In 1911, he was convicted
of manslaughter and sent to serve-out his sentence at McNeil
Island Federal Penitentiary in Washington State where he was violent and difficult to manage.
He assaulted an orderly, attempted
to procure narcotics through intimidation, and stabbed an inmate. He was tranferred to Leavenworth in Kansas and lived there for three decades where he came to love birds. When he was transferred to Alcatraz he studied birds for the next 17 years.
June 1, 1948, the blues world lost an influential harmonica player when John Lee "Sonny Boy" Williamson was beaten to death as he left a Chicago's nightclub. He often sung in life, "Now I want to bury my body, 'way down in Jackson, Tennessee."
Emmett Louis Till -- How two grown men got by with torturing a 14 year old boy to death and then sold the details of their story for pay.
FBI's secret history at UC Berkeley begins with the Cold War, when the bureau's intelligence gathering authority was expanded in response to threats at home and abroad -- civil liberties collided with security.
The contract Ronald Reagan arranged with the studios was known as "The Great Giveaway." It only provided residuals to actors for films after 1960, only. The studios kept everything before 1960, worth billions of dollars. MCA had purchased Paramount Picture's huge film library in 1959. Mafia mouthpiece Sidney Korshak was directly involved in negotiations with Reagan.) In 1962, Reagan was the subject of criminal and civil investigations by the FBI and a federal grand jury. Reagan subpoenaed to testify before the grand jury, failed to recall d his role in the 1952 SAG-MCA decision. Federal prosecutors were convinced Reagan perjured himself.
The Real Amityville Horror -- The Tragic Murder of the Ronald De Feo Family -- Ronald DeFeo, Sr., attained the American dream when he purchased the house.
Chicago's unsolved murder mysteries -- September 18, 1966, Valerie Percy working on her father's campaign for the US Senate was murdered in the Percy mansion. December 1996, Nan Toder, visiting Chicago was cut, strangled and beaten to death in her hotel room. Karyn "Cookie" Kupcinet, beginning a Hollywood career when someone strangled her to death.
Riot-Chicago Conspiracy 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago. Eight radical leaders including Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin and Tom Hayden were accused of "crossing state lines with intent to incite a riot, and conspiracy to violate that law." When it ended, one defendant was severed from the case and the "Chicago 7" trial made its mark as the most chaotic and divisive political trial in American history. Trace the events of this landmark case through incredible footage, contemporary news accounts, and interviews with the men who were there including defendant Tom Hayden and attorney William Kunstler. From Judge Hoffman's order to bind and gag defendant Bobby Seale to the ultimate acquittal of all the defendants on all the charges.
The Symbionese Liberation Army -- Born in 1973 in Berkeley, CA from black convicts and middle class white radicals, thr founding members of the SLA sought to ignite a "people´s rebellion" against the US government and corporate America. The core of the SLA died in a clash with police on May 1974 and September 1975, after FBI captured 3 surviving members, including heiress Patricia Hearst. -- The kidnapped heiress served 21 months in prison. She was commuted by Jimmy Carter and pardoned by President Clinton.Jan. 16, 2002, 4 members of the Symbionese Liberation Army were arrested and charged with murder. A 5th member James Kilgore has been a fugitive for more than 20 years. The case got a boost after the 1999 arrest of Sara Jane Olson, aka Kathleen Soliah, on charges of planting pipe bombs in the 1970's.
Hi-Fi Shop Murders in Ogden Utah -- On April 22, 1974, before the day´s end, 5 people would experience the most inexplicable terror they could have imagined.