justice is criminal law applicable
to persons not old enough to be
held responsible for criminal acts,
usually, the age for criminal culpability
is 18. The
goal of the juvenile justice system
is rehabilitation. Juveniles
can be transferred into adult court
if juvenile court waives or relinquishes
doctrine of parens patriae authorizes
the state to legislate the protection,
care, custody, and maintenance of
children within its jurisdiction.
The federal role is of funder and
passed the Juvenile Delinquency
Prevention and Control Act in
1968, in 1972 it was revised and
renamed the Juvenile Delinquency
Prevention Act. This assists
states and local communities in
preventative services to youth in
danger of becoming delinquent and
provides training in services and
technical assistance occupations
. The Act defines juvenile delinquency
as any act that is otherwise
a crime, committed by someone under
18, and sets rules state laws must
comply with in juvenile court procedures
justice: an overview Cornell
From 1976 through 2010, 242 homicides were committed in the US by children 10 and younger. Of those, 48 percent of victims were family, 20 percent were acquaintances and 8 percent were friends. James Alan Fox, professor of criminology, law and public policy at Northeastern University in Boston.
Is it constitutional to sentence a juvenile offender who commits an offense at age 13 to life in prison without the possibility of parole? Scott Drake talks with University of Miami Law Adjunct Professor Stephen K. Harper. He is theco-coordinator of the Capital Litigation Unit in the Miami-Dade Public Defenders Office.
The School-To-Prison Pipeline And The Private Prison Industry --
As if the US did not have a bloated enough prison population –our school systems are being transformed into yet another way to funnel people into the private prison system.
Health Issues and Juvenile Justice -
At least one out of every five youth in the juvenile justice system has serious mental health problems. Many have co-occurring substance abuse disorders, further exacerbating the problem. The ability of the juvenile justice system to deal with these problems is hindered by confusion about which agencies should provide services, inadequate screening and assessment, lack of training, inadequate funding and programs and lack of research.
Treatment for All Youth --Children and teenagers are
stigmatized by a label that allows adults
to do things to them that would be considered
abusive and unethical in any other context.
14-year-old boy sent to a "tough
love" boot camp to learn confidence
and self-respect died. Martin Lee Anderson
died in January 2006, a day after entering
a boot camp in Florida, from suffocation. Claims of machismo-fueled abuse and a low record of success, tough-love programs for juvenile offenders got the attenion of savvy Florida college students, civil rights activists and politicians. They are protesting the death of a 14-year-old boy in a rural North Florida boot camp, alleging not only abuse but a cover-up. The
Debate on Boot Camp for Kids -- The camp claims 2/3 of juveniles released do not commit a crime within a year, but a federal government study shows boot camps have little impact. Now a series of high-profile incidents have put camps under intense scrutiny. Director
Convicted In Camp Death CBS News -- Charles Long, 59, the director of an Arizona boot camp for troubled youths was convicted of manslaughter in the death of Anthony Haynes, a 14-year-old camper collapsed in the triple-digit desert heat. He died of complications from dehydration after collapsing. Prosecutors said campers wore black uniforms in the extreme heat, endured harsh discipline and slept on cement slabs.
Tate, 12, imitating professional
wrestlers when he killed his playmate,
Tiffany Eunick, 6, was sentenced to life
in prison without parole.
Brazill, 14, was convicted of 2nd-degree
murder for the killing of his English
teacher, Barry Grunow. When
A Child Kills - American Justice Latino -- Story of the sixth-grader who became the youngest American tried as an adult for murder. Nathaniel, who shot a teenager and claimed the killing was accidental, launched a debate between those who saw his treatment as inhumane and those who said killers of any age must pay for their actions. Includes an interview with Abraham's mother.
National Youth Court Center (NYCC)
at the American
Probation and Parole Association (APPA)
serves as a central point of contact
for youth court programs across the nation.
The NYCC was created by the Office of
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention